Globish English, 1500 Most Common English


ABLEness   Power

ABOUT round about,  about face


++     Absurd   Absurdity

ACCEPT -s, -ed, -er, -ing, -able “acceptance” Consent


++ Access  -es, -ed, -ing, Increase, Approach Arrival

-ible, “accession”

ACCIDENT -s, -al, -ally       not essential

ACCOUNT -s , -ed, Accounting, -able   Description

—         [Accuse]     “Accusation” to fault, charge


ACT   -s, -ual, -ually, -ed, -ing Activity lack of {on, up, with}

of doing “Action”

—     [Actor]   lack of Inactivity

++     Active     Activity

—     [Activist]

ADD -s, -ed, -ing “Addition”   Increase   Acquisition -al, -ally

++       Address -ed, -er, -ing Request Abode


ADMIT -s, -ed, -ing   “admission”


++   Advance -s, -d, -r, -ing [progression] Approach, [promotion] Offer {in,                         on, to, with}

ADVERTISE -s, -d, -ing   “advertisement,” ad   Publication

ADVISE     s, -d, -ing, -or Advice

—           [Affect] =   Influence, touch

—           [Afraid]   = fearful

AFTER     -wards   = in back of

AGAIN   a- and again, say it – Repetition

AGAINST       over- [contraposition], Opposition, Disagreement

AGE -s, -ed, -ing,   -less     very old age = ancient

AGENCY -ies, + person = “Agent”

—       [Aggression] =   warlike act


AGREE -s, -d, -ing, -able, ably “Agreement”, lack of Discord

mutual a.Compromise, Assent, Conformity

AGRICULTURE                                       = farming

—     [Aid]     = help, financial support

AIM -s, -ed, -ing Intention   -less

AIR y -s, – ness, -ing,-ed,-man [aeronaut] -plane; put on airs Boasting; –

craft {out Ventilation}

—     [Air Force]   “military service”


—     [air+port]

++   Alarm -s, -ed, -ing

—     [Album]       = collection

—     [Alive]      = lively   a + live


ALL Whole -blessed, -clear, -fired, fours, right, ” almost, also,

although, altogether, All Holy, + most, + ready, +so, + though, +together,

—   [Ally]   = fellow           “Alliance”  “united group”

—   [Almost]   = all+ most

—   [Alone]   = a + lone     =   single

—   [Along]   = a + long = together with

—   [Already] = all + ready

—   [Also]   = all + so

—   [Although = all + though

—   [Always] = all + ways



AMOUNT -s, -ed, -ing Quantity

—   [Anarchy]   =   no government

— [Ancestor]   = fore + bearer

—   [Ancient]         very old


ANGER   -s, angry, -ed, -ing Resentment bent Irracibility

ANGLE   -s, -ed, -ing, -r, -ular Angularity   = Elbow,   slope, grade

—         [Angry] cf. anger

ANIMAL -s, science, sounds

ANNIVERSARY -ies   = commemoration

ANNOUNCE   -s, -er, -ed, -ing   “annunciation’

—             [Another]   an + other

ANSWER -s, -er, -ed, -ing, -able

ANY         -body, one, place, time, thing

APOLOGIZE   -s, -d, -r, -ing

—         [Appeal]     = call for

APPEAR   -s, -red, -red, -ring, “Appearance” = seem

APPLE   -s fruit, Food

—         [Appoint] make, give official

++           Appropriate   -ed, -ing, -ly   Borrowing “appropriation”

APPROVE -s, -r, -d, -ing, -al Approbation, Consent, lack of = not okay

AREA -s   Region

ARGUE   -s, -d, -r, -ing, “argument”

ARM   Arms -ed service, -ing,   -hold

ARMY   -ies

—       [Around]   = nearly   a + round = round about

ARREST   -s, -er, -ed, -ing     put in custody

ARRIVE   -s, -d, r, -ing, Arrival

ART   -s, -ful Cunning, lack in -fulness, maker “Artist”

—         [Artillery]   Heavy guns, gun group


ASH   -es           – Wednesday,   tree

ASK   -s, Request -ed, -ing   Ask sincerely

ASSIST   -s, -ed, -ing, -ant “Assistance” Aid

ASTRONOMY     – -cal, -icallly, -er

AT         home


++   Atom -s   “atomic”

—           [Attach]              = tie, connect

ATTACK -s, -ed, -ing, -er

ATTEMPT -s, -ed, -ing,

ATTEND -s, -ed, -er, -ing, “Attention” [heed] Care;lack of Inattention

—   [Attention]   cf. attend

++   Attract -s, -ed, -ing, “Attraction” pulling power, allurement


AUTOMATIC -ally [ “automation”


AUTUMN   = fall season, late in life

AVERAGE   -s, -d, -r, -ing   Mediocrity

AVOID   -s, -ed, -ing, -able “Avoidance”

AWAKE   -s, awoke, -ing

—         [Award]             = grant

++       Awareness Sensability     = conscious

—       [Away]       a + way   Being away Absence

BABY   -s, -ied, -ing

BACK Rear -s, -ed, -ing [cf support],

-er, -board, -ground, -wards


BAD   -ly, Badness, time [untimeliness], times Adversity

example [disreputable person], lands, name Disrepute

BAG -s, -ger, -ging, -ged, -man, -woman = sack, capture

BALANCE -s, -ing, -d, -r Symmetry, [counter-]; lack of

BALL       -s

BALLOON -s, -ed, -ing

BALLOT -s, -ed, -ing     = cast vote

BAN     -s, -ned, -ner                         = forbid

BANK   -s, -er, -ing, -ed, note,

BAR    -s, shaft -red, -ring

BARRIER -s = block + age, stronghold               = obstacle

BASE   Cause -s, -d, -ing   -less “Basic” –ness

BASKET   -s, -ball

BATTLE -s = fight   “battleground”

BE     am, are, is, was, were, been, will, WOULD, shall, should

++   Bear -s, -er Agent,-ly, -able, -ing, bore, borne against, out,

through, up, with

BEAT -s, -er, -ing   [repeated sound]     n. = Drum, v. = Whip

BEAUTIFUL       “Beauty”   fully


BECOME   -s, became, -ing

BED -s, -ded, -ding                                     -ding, -room

BEFORE   -hand   Priority = in front of

BEGIN -s, -ner, began, begun Beginning

BEHIND     -in back of; behind time

BELIEVE -s, -r, -d, -ing, “Belief”, true, false, lack of Incredulity

BELL    -ringer, sound

BELONG   -s, -ed, -ing

BELOW   -ground,

BEND   -s Deviation -er, bent Tendency, -ing

— [Best]   superlative of “good”

— [Betray]   reveal, deceive         -er = turncoat

— [Better] comparative of “good”

BETWEEN   = in space separating two things

BIG -ger, -gest, –ness b-hearted Liberality

BILL -s, -ed, -ing     Receiving

BILLION   -s       #

BIOLOGY   -ical, -ically, -ist

BIRD -s, -ed, -ing   = flying animals -er

BIRTH -s, Beginning -ed, -ing High – Nobility

BITE -s, -er,   bit -ting

++     Bitter -s, -ly,-ness Unsavoriness [resentment] = anger

BLACK -s, –ness   Color, market [illicit business]

BLADE     -s, -ed, -less, of grass

BLAME Accusation, -s, -er, -ed, -ing, -ful, -lessness Innocence, Guilt

—     [Blanket]   = heavy cover

++     Bless -s, -ed, -edness, -ing

BLEED     -s, bled, -ing

BLIND Blindness -s, -ed, -ing, -ly   [blind faith]

BLOCK   -s, -er, -ed, -ing Hindrance, put a block

BLOOD y -ed, -ing Relation “kin”

BLOW -s, blew, blown, -ing, {out, up = Blast, swell}

BLUE -ing –ness   Color   blue blood Nobility

BOARD -s,   Food, Provision [tribunal] -ed, -ing

++     Boast -s, -ed, Boasting, -ful

BOAT   -s, -ing, [watercraft]

BODY    -ies             Parts

++     Bold -er, -est, -ly, –nessCourageDefiance

make bold = dare

BOMB -s, -ed, -er, -ing     {out}

++     Bond  -s, -er, -ed Subjection; -ing; [securities]

BONE   -s, -d, -ing -less,     -dry

BOOK   -s, -ed, -er, -ing Good – Sacred Writings

BORDER   -s, -ed, -ing


BORROW     -s, -er, -ed, Borrowing


BOTTLE   -s, -r, -d, -ing cf. container

BOTTOM -s, -ed,   man, place, side

++   Bow   -s, = bulge

BOX   -es, -er, -ed, -ing -ed off, up

BOY   -s

—         [Boycott]   refusal to deal with

BRAIN   -s, -less

BRAKE   -s, -ed, -ing                   Cane-

BRANCH -s, -ed, -ing [stream] [divergence]

—       [Brass]             metal

—     [Brave]       cf. Bold

BREAD   -s, -ed Food

BREAK  -s, broke, broken,-ing,-able Brittleness, [disjuncture] -fast

{at, for, in, off, out, over, through, up Divorce,                           disintegration], with}

BREATHE -s, -d, -r, -ing Vapor, Touch;   take a breath

++   Breed -s, -er,bred,-ing Domestication, Reproduction, Posterity

BRICK   -s, -ed, -ing

BRIDGE   -s, -d, -ing, -hold

BRIEF -s, -ed, -ing, -ly,-ness, -ing, [compendium]

BRIGHT -ly, –ness [cheerfulness] [pleasantness]

BRING -s, brought, -ing {in, off, out, over, to light Disclosure, up,                         with}

++         Broad -s, -er, -est, -ly, –ness Breadth, -mindedness   = wide

—       [Broadcast]     Broad + cast

BROTHER -s, -ly

BROWN   –ness Color

BRUSH     -es, Touch -ed, -ing

++       Bubble -s, -d, -r, -ing

BUDGET   -s, -ted, -ting

BUILD   -s, built, “Building,” -er, {in, on, over, with, up}

—         [Building]   cf, build


BURN   -s, -ed, -ing {off, on, out, over, through, up, with}

BURST   -s

BURY   -ies, -ied,-ing, -ial Internment

BUS   -es, -ed, -ing

BUSINESS -es, -like -man

BUSY   -ier, iest, busyness,

BUT   for   Exclusion

BUTTER   -s, -ed, -ing

BUTTON -s, -ed, -ing, type of fastener

BUY   -s, -er, bought, -ing for, in, off [bribery], out, up

BY     bystanders

CABINET   -s key administrators

++   Calendar -s

CALL -s, -er, -ed, -ing

CALM  -s, -ed, -ing, -ly, -er, -est   –ness


CAMP   -s, -er, -ed, -ing [military]

CAMPAIGN -s, -ed, -er, -ing [expedition][drive]

CAN      could   -s, -ned, -ning, -ner

CANCEL   “cancellation” -s, -led, cancelling

CANCER             Disease


CAPITAL     -s

—         [Capture]       = take hold of, bag, take prisoner

CAR   -s

CARD   -s, -ed, -ing -carrying

CARE -s, -r, -d, -ing, -ful,-fulness, -less, -lessness, lack of

—           [Careful]

—       [Carriage] = railroad car, car, carrier

CARRY -ies, -ier Agent, -ied, -ing over, up

CASE   -s, -ed, -ing, Lawsuit

CASH -es Payment -ier, -ed, -ing

++     Cast -s, -eer, -ing   {about, forth, down, in, off, out, up}

CAT     -s, -ted, -ting,   -call, tails,

CATCH -es, -er, -ing, caught {up [implication] {on, over, up, with} = trap

CAUSE   -s, -d, -ing,       Attribution

CELEBRATE -s, -ed, -ing   “Celebration”   Rite

++   Cell   -s         stem -, – phone

CENTER   -s, -ed, -edness, -ing; -ral, -ly,     = focus

CENTURY   -ies

CEREMONY   -ies -ial, ially

CERTAIN   -ly, –ness “Certainty”                         = SURE

CHAIN     -s, -ed, -ing,   less   Continuity             = Series

CHAIR + MAN -woman -s, -ed, -ing,

++   Challenge Command -s, -r, -d, -ing, c. to fight Defiance

—     [Champion] =   key prized one

CHANCE   -s, -d, -ing   Gambling

CHANGE -s, -d, -r,-ing,-able, Changeableness, Transientnes over

CHARGE -s, -er,-ed, -ing, -able Commission, Accusation, Command

—     [Chase]     go after

++       Check -s Restraint -ed, -ing – point, -money order

CHEERy, -ed, -er, -ing, -ful, Cheerfulness, -leader,(on, up, with}

CHEESE -s y   Soft, white, yellow

CHEMICAL -s   Inorganic Matter; Organic Matter

CHEMISTRY   =   Study of chemical action

CHEST   -s,   -nut,   full c.= breast Convexity

CHIEF   -s, -ly   Authority

CHILD   children,   Youth -like

CHOOSE -s, -y chose, chosen -s, -ing, “Choice”

CHURCH   -s, -ed, -ing

CIRCLE    -s, -ing, -d, -ular, “Circularity”

CITIZEN -s   Inhabitant upstanding person

CITY     -ies       Abode

—         [Civilian]   non-military

CLAIM   -s, -er, -ed, -ing

—       [Clash]   = fight

CLEAN   -s, -er, -est, -ed, -ing, Cleanness lack of Impurity {out, up}

CLEAR   -s, -er, -est, -ing   –ness

CLIMATE     -s     “climatic”

CLIMB   -s, -ed, -er, -ing, -able     {in, on, out, over, up, with}

CLOCK   -s, -ed, -er, -ing

CLOSE   -s, -d, -ing Closure, Act of enlosing Enclosure

CLOTH   -s, -es, -ed. -er Clothing   the cloth = Clergy

CLOUD y Cloudiness -ed, -ing   Opacity

COAL   -s       Fuel

COAST   -s, -ed, -er, -ing, -al       Coast Guard

COAT   -s, -ed, -ing Covering [hair]


COLD   -s, -er, -est, -ly, –ness

COLLAR -s, -ed, -ing

COLLECT -s, -ed, -er, -ing -able “collection”

COLLEGE -s,   -ial, ially

COLONY   ies, -ial, ially

COLOR -s, -ed, -ing {on, up}   different c. Variegation

COMBINE -s, -d, -r, -ing       “Combination” = combo

COME -s, -er, -ing, came, {after Sequence, back, by, for, in, into

off, on, out, over, together [merge], up to Approach [imminence]

COMFORT -s Content -ed, -ing, -er, -able, ably

COMMAND -s, -ed, -ing “commandment”

COMMENT -s, -ed, -ing, -able


COMMON   -s-er, -est, -ly, –ness Mediocrity -al [commonality]

COMMUNICATE -s, -d, -ing, -er, “Communication”-s


COMPANY   -ies [Association] Accompaniment [group] =   fellow

COMPARE   -s, -d, -r, -ing, -able   “Comparison”

COMPETE -s, -d, -ing       “competition”

COMPLETE -s, -ly, –ness “Completion” lack of -ed,-ing, lack of c.                                 Incompleteness,         = finish

COMPLEX   -ed, -ing             “complexity”

COMPROMISE   -s, -d, -r, -ing

COMPUTE -s Computers -ed, -ing

CONCERN -s, -ed, -ing = anxiety

CONDEMN -s, -ed, -ing     “Condemnation”   Disappropriation

CONDITION -s, Circumstance, -ing, -ed, -er, Qualification                                     -al,-ally, lack of

++     Conduct -or, -ed, -ing   lack of Wrong

CONFERENCE   -s, -ed, -ing

++       Confess -s, -ed, -or, -ing, Disclosure   “confession”

CONFIRM   -s, -ed, -ing,     “confirmation”

CONGRATULATE   -s, -d, r, -ing, “Congratulation”

—       [Congress]     [shifted to appendix] national law-making body

CONNECT  -s, -ed, -er, -ing   “Connection”

++       Conserve -s, -d, -r, -ing   “conservation”


CONSIDER -s, -ed, -ing     “consideration”   regard

++       Consume   -s, -d, -r, -ing, -able,   take up “consumption”

CONTAIN      -s, -er, -ers Receptacle -ed, -ing, fact of being c Inclusion

++       Content -s   -ed, self-c. not Discontent


CONTINUE   -s, -ed, -ing, not Discontinuance, -ual, c. living = survive

++     Contract -s, -or, -ed, -ing “Contraction,” Promise = shrink

CONTROL     -s, Restraint, self- Aceticism, -ling, -ler, -ed, Moderation

CONVENTION -s, “form or correctness;” “formal gathering”

COOK   -s, -er, -ed, -ing     {for, on, to, up, upon, with} out

COOL   -s, -ing,-ed, -ness Indifference,-er [Refrigeration] {down, off}

COOPERATE -s, -d, -ing   “Cooperation”

COPY -ies, -ier, -ied, -ing {after Imitation, out} copyright

—       [Cork]       =   stopper

CORN -s -y   = Food, grain

CORRECT -s, -ed, -er, -ing, able   “Correction” Penitence

COST   -s, -ing, costly = high – Dearness

COTTON   -s, -ed, -ing   type of fiber

COUNT -s, -ed, -er, -ing Numeration -less, lessly {for, in, off, on =                      depend, out, over, through, up}

++   Counter -s, -ed, -ing – blow Retaliation -ed, -ing, – group, -action   Opposition, -act, balance, order, service, -step,

COUNTRY -ies     the country music, -side,

COURT   -s   Council -ed, -ing, -ly, -liness [dignity]

COVER   -s, -ed, Covering {off, on, over, up} -alls

COW     -s, -ed, -ing [bully]

++     Crack -s -er, -ers, -ed, -ing Interval

++     Craft -s, -ed, -ing y       Cunning

CRASH     -s, -ed, -er, -ing

CREATE    -s, -or, -d, -ing Cause “creation” Sculpture


CREDIT   -s, Attribution -or, -s, -ed, -ing, -able

—         [Crew] = working team, group

CRIME   -s   Illegality, vice   criminal

—           [Criminal]

CRISIS     crises

CRITIC   -s,   “criticize”

++      Cross -s, -ed, Crossing, purposes

CRUSH   -s, -er, -ed, -ing, -able

CRY     -ies, -ier, -ied, -ing Lamentation {in, out [stridor], over}

CULTURE   -s, -d, -ing   Taste -d, -al

CUP       -s, -ped, -ping full Destiny

CURE     -s, -d, -er, -ing   Remedy   -all, -less

CURRENT   -s, -ly   = events

++     Curse -s, -ed, -ing   Imprecation

CURTAIN   -ed   window dressing

CUSTOM   =s, -ed Habit -ual, ually, break h.

CUT   -s, -ter = scissors, -ting [notch][snub] {down Disappropriation,

in, off, on, out, over, through, to, up = comic}

DAMAGE -s, -d, -ing complete d- Destruction

DANCE   -s, -d, -r, -ing


DARK -ly, -er, -est, Darkness

DATE   -s, -ed, -ing


DAY   -s, -ily,   -dream

DEAD -ly       “Death”

—         [Deaf]       without hearing

DEAL -s, -t, -er, -ing         -out, – with,   = bargain

DEAR -er, -est, -ly, Dearness = Costly

DEBATE -s, -ed, -er, -ing, -able

DEBT   -s, -ed, -or, -ing

DECIDE -s, -d, -er, -ing,   “decision”

DECLARE -s, -d, -r, -ing,   “declaration”

DECREASE -s, -d, -ing

++     Deed -s, -ed, -ing   Action             – over

DEEP -er, -est, -ly, –ness   Depth

DEFEAT   -s, -ed, -ing                             =   conquer,

DEFEND   -s, -ed, -or, -ing       “defensive,” “Defense”


DEFINE   -s, -d, -r, -ing   “definition”

DEGREE   -s, -d -ing

—       [delay]   put off


++       Deliver -s, -ed, -ing, -y person

DEMAND   -s, -ed, -ing Business

DEMOCRACY    -ies    

DEMONSTRATE    -s, -d, -or, -ing   “Demonstration”

—   [Denounce] = speak against

DENY -ies, ied, -ing,-ial Rejection, Refusal, Prohibition, Moderation

lack of   Intemperance

DEPEND -s, -ed, -ing   “Dependent” -ly, –ness not

—   [Deploy]       station military, spread out

DEPRESS -s, -ed, -ing,   “Depression”

DESCRIBE -s, -d, -r, -ing “Description”

DESERT   -s, -ed, -ing     = drylands, = abandon

DESIGN -s Intention, Representation, -er, -ed, -ing

++     Designate -s, -ed, -ing “designation” Indication

DESIRE -s, -d, -ing; -ableness Expedience, strongly [eagerness]

DESTROY -s, -ed, -er, -ing act of Destruction

DETAIL -s, -ed, -ing Circumstance

DEVELOP -s, -ed, -er, -ing     “Development”


++   Devote -s, -ed, -ing, -edness Piety, lack of Impiety “devotion”

DICTATOR -s, -ial                     = arbitrary, absolute ruler

DIE   -s, -d, -ying

DIET -s, -ed, -er, -ing

DIFFERENT -ly, –ness “Difference” = vary

DIG   -s, -ger, dug, -ging strip =     Ditch

++     Dim -s, -med, ming, -mer, -mest, -ly, Dimness


DIPLOMAT -s, “diplomatic”

DIRECT -s, -ed, -ing Director, -ly; in +       indirectness Circuity

DIRECTION -s, -al, [Management]

DIRT       Dirty Uncleanness

DISAPPEAR -s, -ed, -ing     “Disappearance”

—         [Disarm]     = Take away arms

++         Discipline -s, Punishment -d, -ing spiritual

DISCOVER -s, -ed, -er, -ing “discovery”        Disclosure

—         [Discuss] = talk, talk over, talk through

DISEASE     -s, -d

DISK     -s

—           [Dismiss] = send away

++         Dispose -s, -d, -ing, -al UseArrangement

—           [Dispute]   = fight with words

—           [Dissident] = opposing person

DISTANCE -s, -d, -ing   between Interval

DIVIDE -s, -d, -r, -ing     Apportionment “division”

DO     -es, -er -ing, did, done

DOCTOR -s, -ed, -ing [therapy]

DOCUMENT     -s, -ed, -ing     papers

DOG    -s, -ged, -ging   Sequence

—       [Dollar]   shifted to American Money

DOOR     -s         frame, Opening, stop, way

++         Double -s, -ing,-ed, Interchange, meaning [ambiguity]

DOUBT   -s, -ed, -ing, -er, -ful, -less   Incredulity

DOWN   -s, -er, -ing, -ed -side, -ward, -cast Depression

DRAIN [consumption][big demand] -ed, -ing

++         Draw -s, -er, drew, drawn, -ing; Traction, Attraction {back

Inexpedience, out, off, up} Withdraw

DREAM   -s, -ed, -ing, -er Imagination

DRESS   -es, -er, -ed, -ing     {down, up}

DRINK   -s, -er, drank, drunk [intoxication] Drinking, -able {in, up}

DRIVE -s, -r, drove, driven, -ing,-able, {back Repulsion, in, out, through}

DROP -s, -per,-ped,-ping {by, in, off Decrease out, over, to}

DRUG   Drugs -superabundance -ged =addict, -ging,   -store

DRY -ies, -ied, -ier, -est, -ly, Dryness, -land   = desert

++         Due -s, -ly –ness Rightness lack of

++         Dull -s, -ed, -ing,-er,-est, –ness bluntness, Ignorance

DURING     Time

DUST       [soil] y -ed, -er, -ing

DUTY  -ies, -ful, less   Liability

EACH     one, place, time

EAR   -s, ear ring, earmark

EARLY   Earliness     bird

EARN -s, -ed, -er, -ing

EARTH -s, -ly, liness

EASE – -s. Facility,-y, -ed, -ing Relief, -iness [informality]

EAST     Direction           bound, side, ward, wind

—           [Easy] ease + y

EAT -s, ate eaten -ing

ECOLOGY -ical, ically, -ist Environment study

ECONOMY -ies,   “Economic”

EDGE   -s, -r, extreme border, sharp e. Pungency -d, -ing

EDUCATION -s “learning”

EFFECT -s, -ed, -ing, effectual, -lly

EFFORT   -s   Exertion

EGG   -s, -ed, -ing         Food

EIGHT   -th         #   eighteen   = eight + teen   #

++       eighty   #


ELASTIC   Elasticity     lack of Inelasticity

++       Elect -s, -or, -ed, -ing, -able [elite] “election”


++       Electric   -ly Electricity   heater, service, system,

++       Electronic    Electronics -ly   “email”

++       Element -s, -al   Composition, constitution]

ELEVEN   -s           #



EMERGENCY   [timeliness]

++     Emit -s, -ted, -ter, -ting, -able   “emission”

EMOTION -s,-al, -ally

EMPLOY  -s, -ed, -er, -ing, -able

EMPTY   -ies, -ier, iest, –ness [ejection]

END -s, -ed, -ing, -less, lessness Perpetuity, -game,

point, run

ENEMY   -ies   = hostile

ENERGY   -s     Vigor

—       [Enforce]     =   regulate, police

ENGINE   -s, search –   -ering

ENGINEER -s, -ing, -ed

ENJOY     -s, -ed, -ing “Enjoyment”

ENOUGH   Sufficiency not e. Insufficiency cf wanting]

ENTER   Ingress   -s, -ed, -er, -ing

ENVIRONMENT   -s, al, -ally

++       Envy -ies, -ied, -ing   Jealousy

EQUAL -s, -ed, -ing,   Equality, -ly, ness, lack of Inequality


—       [Escape] =   get away


++     Essence  -s, -tial, tially

ESTABLISH   -s, -ed, -er, -ing     “establishment”

ESTIMATE    -s, -d, -r, -ing   “estimation”

ETHNIC       -s

EVAPORATE   -s, -ed, -ing “evaporation”       = Disappearance

EVEN   -s even-ing -ed,-ly,-ness Uniformity lack of

EVENT -s, Occasion -ual, ually

EVER   -lasting = timeless –ness

EVERY       -body, one, place, time, way, where,

EVIDENCE   -s, -d

EVIL   -s,   Evildoer,   -doing,   spirit Demon

++   Evolve -s, -ed, -ing   “evolution”

EXAMINE   -s, -ed, -er, -ing   “examination”

EXAMPLE -s   -ar

—           [Excellent]           =   highest quality

EXCEPT   -ed, -ing     “exception”

EXCHANGE -s, -er, -ed, -ing “switch” Barter, Substitution


EXCUSE   -s, -d, -ing     Vindication

—       [Execute]       Put into effect “execution

EXERCISE   s, -d, -r, -ing

EXILE   -s, -d, -r, -ing   Displacement

EXIST   -s, -ed, -ing Existence state of being, lack of Nonexistence                         Presence, [life]

—       [Expand]     “Expansion” = spread out over

—       [Expect] “Expectation” long for, look for, wait for

EXPERIENCE -s, Sensibility, Knowledge, -d person, -ing

EXPERIMENT  -s, -er, -ed, -ing,   -al, -ally   = Trial

EXPERT       -s

EXPLAIN     -s, -ed, -er, -ing   “explanation”

EXPLODE     -s, -d, -ing         “explosion”

EXPLORE     -s, -d, -r, -ing     “exploration”

EXPORT      -s, -ed, -er, -ing     “exportation”

EXPRESS     -s, -ed, -ing       “expression”

—       [Extend]       = spread over

EXTRA    -s, -ordinary, price, value Addition, adj. = spare


EYE   -s, -d,-ing, doctor, glasses, medicine, trouble   Optical                                      Instrument

FACE -s, -d, -ing   -lift {in, off, on, out, up}

FACT -s, -ual, -ually, -finding


++   Fade s, -d Colorlessness, -ing {out Invisibility, through}

FAIL   -s, -ed, -ing             Failure     Neglect

FAIR -s, -ly, –ness [justice]   Moderation

++   Faith -s, -ful, -fully, -fulness, -less, -lessly,-lessness Credulity

FALL s, fell, -ing {at, back [relapse] by, down

Descent, in, off, -ing out Discord, over, under, with}

FALSE -ly, –ness ; Falsehood, false coloring -hood, lack of Improbity

false show Affectation

FAMILY -ies Posterity

—       [Famous] = notable

++       Fancy    -ies, -ier,-iest,-iness; passing f.[caprice]; fancywork

FAR -ther, thest Distance   off, out -[sight]

FAST -s, -ed, -er, -ing, -est,   –ness   “Fasten”

FAT   -s, –ty -ted, -ter, -test

FATHER -s -ly, -liness   -hood Ancestry

++     Fault -s, -ed, -ing, y vision, -ful,-less Perfection, [cleft]

FEAR -s, -d, -ing, -ful = anxiety -less   weakhearted]

FEATHER   -s, -ed, -ing

FEED     -s, fed, -ing, -er

FEEL -s, Feeling = sensation, felt, {up, with} -ing Intuition

[emotion], lack of Sensibility

++   Fellow -s, confederate; good; -ship – traveler

.FEMALE    -s

++     Fence -s, Enclosure -r, -d, -ing, less


FEW   -er, -est, ness – words [uncommunicativeness]

++       Fiber -s, -ed types = natural, synthetic     Filament

FIELD Arena -s, -ed, -ing

—     [Fierce]     =   very mean

—     [Fifteen]     = five + teen           #

—     [Fifth]       cf. five

FIFTY             #

FIGHT Contention -s, -er Combatant, -fought, -ing [disaccord]

++         File -s, -ing   Continuity

FILL -s, -ed, -er, -ing [satiety]

—      [Film]     = moving picture, movie

—       [Final]   = last

FINANCE   -s, -d, -ing, -er, -ial, ially,

FIND   -s, -er, found, -ing [discovery] [solution] {out}

FINE   -s, -er, -est, -ly, –ness     = delicate

FINGER -s, -ed, -ing -pointing Attribution

—       [finish]     = complete

FIRE   -s, -d, -ing,   engine, man, station, proof Incombustibility

FIRM   -s, -ing, -ed, -er, -est, -ly, firmnessResolution,

FIRST -s, Beginning, -ly, Priority, first in order Precedence

FISH -es, –y -ness Improbability -ed,-ing, -er, -erman, -erperson, -able

FIST -s,   -ed,   tight –   =   clenched hand

FIT -s, -ting,-ted,-ful,-nessIrregularity

Expedience, lack of Inexpedience {at, by, in, to}

FIVE -s, -th   #             fifteen   =   five + teen #

FIX -es,   Arrangement-ed -ed Stability, Permanence -er,-ing,-able                                       {over, up Restoration, with}

FLAG -s, [insignia] -ged, -ger, -ging

++     Flash -s, -ed, -er, -ing   Instant

FLAT -s -ly, -er, -est, –ness

FLOAT   -s, -ed, -er, -ing, -able [buoy]

++       Flood -s, -ed, -ing, -plain

FLOOR  -s, -er, -ed, -ing

FLOW   -s, Diffuseness -ed, -ing small flow “stream”

FLOWER y -ed, -ing

—           [Fluid] = Liquid

FLY -ies -ier,-ing [aeronautics] flew, flown, {from, in, off Excitability

out, to, up, with} science of flying Aviation

FOG -s, –gy -ier, -est, -ged, -ging, fogginess [opaqueness]

++     Fold -s, -er, -ed, -ing {in, out, over, up, with}

FOLLOW   -s,-er,-ed,-ing {on, up Pursuit}   Sequence

FOOD      See American Foods

—       [Fool] = foolish person

FOOLISH   –ness Folly, person [fool] [dupe]

FOOT feet, -ed, -ing,   body part,   -note

FOR   -ward

FORBID -s forbad, forbidden,   [strictness]; -ding   = prohibition

FORCE -d, -r, -ing, ful not – [uninfluentiality]

++   Fore -arm, bear, -cast Prediction, finger, -gone

predetermination], head, runner, [precursor], -see, -shadow. sight

FOREIGN   -er     stranger

FOREST   -s, -ed, -er, -ing =   woodlands

FORGET   -s, -got, gotten, -ing, -ful, fulness

FORGIVE -s, -er, gave, given, -ing, Forgiveness, Acquittal = pardon

FORM -s, -al [formality] -ed,-ing,-er,-erly,-less,-lessness; Formlessness

—           [Former] = one before

FORTY     -s   #

—           [Forward] = for + ward

FOUR   -s, -th       # -fold     fourteen =     Four + teen   #

FRAME -s, -r, -d, -ing   of mind [mental attitude] {up}

FREE   -es, -er,-est,-d,-ing, -ly, –ness [gratuitousness]

time,   act of freeing Liberation


FREEZE -s, froze, frozen, -er, able

FRESH -er,-est, –ness, -ly {up Refreshment}

FRIEND -s, -ed, -ing, -ly, liness   -ship

FRIGHTEN -s, -ed, -ing , -er


FRONT   -s, -ed, -ing, line, page {at, up to, upon]

++         Frost -s, y -ed, -ing [semitransparency]

FRUIT   -s, -ed, -ful, not f- [unproductiveness],-less; -y, -iness

FUEL   -s, -ed, -ing,

FULL Sufficiency, -ly, –ness Resonance, Loudness

fulfill = satisfy

FUN -s, Amusement -ny , funniness

++       Furnish -es, -ed, -ing Furniture

++       Furrow -s -ed, -ing         trench, wrinkle

FUTURE  -s   Futurity   Posterity

GAIN -s, -ed, -ing, -er Acquisition         = achieve

GAME   -s, -d, -ing       of chance Gambling

GARDEN -s, -ed, -ing

GAS   -es, -sed, -sing     Vapor

++       Gate -s, -ed, -ing, [receipts]   -way = entrance

GATHER Assemblage -s, -er, -ed, -ing “harvest”   Council

++         Gear -s, -ed, -ing   Provision

GENERAL -s, -ly, –ness Generality

GET -s, got, gotten, -ing {away Escape, by, back, even, hold Acquisition

in, off, on, out, over, up, with} away, Haste, obtain,

get out of order [disarrangement]

GIFT   -s, -ed, -ing

GIRL   -s, -like, = young woman

GIVE Giving, -s, gave, -en {back [restitution] in, off, out, over, up

giving up Relinquishment}

GLASS y -es   Optical Instrument   -ed, -ing

++           Globe -s, -al

GO -es, -er, went, gone,-ing {away Disappearance, before [precedence],

between [mediation], in Insertion, off, on [continue],         out,

Egress over, through, to, up, with}

GOAL   -s

GOD Deity -ly Piety -like   All Holy   gods Mythical Dieties

GOLD       Color,   metal

GOOD -s [merchandise] -ly, -liness, Goodness, name Repute

times Prosperity, taste Elegance (better, best); [make good]

GOVERN -s, -ed, -ing,   governor,   “government,” governed

—           [Government] -al, -ally

++   Grace -s, -ed,-ing,-less,-ly,-ful,-ly,[discrimination][excellence]

++   Grain y   -s, -ed, -ing Texture

++   Grant -s, -ed, -ing Qualification                 = award

GRASS y   -es, -ed               plants

++   Grave -s, -ed Gravity -ly   -stone, very grave Severity v. Engraving

GRAY     –ness   Color

GREAT -s, Greatness   -ly   Repute   = grand

GREEN -s, -ed, -ing   –ness Color         power

GROUND Cause -s, -ed, -ing, -less, level, water,

GROUP   -s, -ed, -ing   together Assemblage, Council

GROW   Increase, -s, grew, grown,-up = adult, -ing {out, up, with} worse

Deterioration, “Growth” natural – [evolution]

GUARANTEE -s, -d, -ing guarantor

GUARD   -s, -ed, -ing   [safeguard]

GUIDE   -s, -d, -ing -post

GUILT -s, y -iness, -less, clearing of g. Vindication

GUN -s, -ner, -ned, -ning

HAIR y -s, -ed, -less = bald, – brush, oil,

HALF -ves, -ved, -ving, -baked, blood, breed, measures, past, truth

—     [Halt]   = stop

HAND -s, -ed, -ing   Clap -hold, -some {down, over, up} [upper hand]

HANG   -s,-er, -ed, -ing Pendency, h.back = lack of Resolution

HAPPEN -s, -ed, -ing Effect, Occurrence, happening = incident

HAPPY -er,-est,-ly –ness [cheerfulness] -New Year’s, -birthday

HARD   -er, -est, -ly = dissimilarity, Hardness, -ship Adversity, Difficulty

to please [fastidiousness] {up} hardly ever

++     Harm -s, -ed, -ing, -ful, -fully, -less, -lessly [hurt]

HARMONY -s Symmetry [harmonics]

HAT   -s, -ted, -ting

HATE -s, -d, -ing, -r -ful, -fully

HAVE has, had, -ing, -r

HE         his,   him -self

HEAD   -s, -ed,-ing,-less, -way Improvement -strong, strongnessObstinacy

{back, off, on, over, up}

—     [headquarters]     = head + quarters = main office

HEAL -s, -ed, -ing, -er

HEALTH y   -ier, -iest

—   [Healthy] cf. health

HEAR -s, heard, -er, Hearing

HEART -s, -felt,

HEAT   -s, -ed, -er, -ing

++       Heaven   -s -ly

HEAVY   -ier, -iest


++       Hell   -s, -fire, -like

HELP -s, Aid -er Auxiliary, -ful, -less

—       [her]     cf. She

++       Herb -s, -al, alist

HERE -in, on, –ness Presence, to, with

—       [hers]   cf. She

HIDE -s, -hid, hidden Latency, -er, Concealment

HIGH   -s, -er, -est, -ly, –ness Height -chair, -land, -light, -place,-

point, -way

—           [Hijack]   =   take by force

HILL y -s, -ed, -ing -iness {in, over, under}

—     [him]   cf. He

—     [his]   cf. He

HISTORY -ies, -ical, ically,   Description

HIT    -s

HOLD   -s, -er, held,-ing back Restraint [possession] {back = Hindrance out,

to Tenacity, up}= grip

HOLE -s,

HOLIDAY -s     = Vacation

HOLLOW -s, -ed, -ing, –ness [resonance]; bowl -er, -ed, -ing

HOLY -ies, Diety godly, lack of – table = altar, – walkway = aisle

– person = saint, – place = shrine

HOME Abode -s, -d, -ing, -ly Simpleness {in} place, -ward

HONEST   -ly

HONOR -s, Celebration, special event] -ed, -ing- able

++     Hook -s, Deception, Curvature[lure] -er, -ed, -ing

HOPE -s, -d, -ing, -ful, -fulness, -less, hopelessness

—     [Horrible]         = very bad

HORSE -s, -back -drawn, fly, hair, -less, -like, -man, power, shoe

  1. around


—     [Hostage]     = prisoner held for price

—     [Hostile]     = enemy

HOT -s [heat] -ter, -test, -ly, –ness     -bed

HOTEL   -s

HOUR   -s, -ly, glass, worker

HOUSE -s, Abode -ing, -ed -cleaning, -hold, -wife

HOW   -ever, -soever

—     [However]     how + ever

++     Hug -s, Endearment -ger, -ged, -ging -able

—       [Huge]       = very large

HUMAN -s       Humanity

HUMOR  -s, -ed, -ing, -er good h- Cheerfulness   Wit

HUNDRED       #

HUNGER   -s, -ed, -ing   “hungry”

HUNT   -s, -er, -ed, -ing

HURRY   -ies, -ied, -ier, -ing     hurriedness   -up Haste

HURT     Pain, -s, -ing, -ful, fully

HUSBAND         -s

I         me, mine, my

ICE -s, -r, -d, -ing Icy   -filled, condition

IDEA   -s, ideal, -ly

—     [Identify]     “indentification” = point out, finger

IF   -s, –fy

ILL -s, –ness, -legal, -made, -nature, -service, -shaped, -use [misuse]

ill will Malevolence

—   [Illegal]     =   Ill + legal

IMAGINE -s, -d, -ing   “Imagination”


IMPORT   -s, -ed, -er, -ing   “importation”

IMPORTANT -ly     Importance, Intrinsic, lack of Unimportance

IMPROVE -s, -ed, -ing   “Improvement”

++   Impulse   -s

IN   to, -ner, -let [gulf] -side Interior, -side out Inversion, –

coming Arrival -doors, inward, in-law [affinity]

—     [Incident]     = happening

INCLUDE -s, -ed, -ing   “Inclusion”

INCREASE -s, Addition, Expansion -d, -ing,

-ingly bad worse, irritate, upset     swell


INDIVIDUAL   -s, -ly

INDUSTRY – ies, -ial, -ially

INFECT   -s, -ed, -ing     “infection”

INFLATE   -s, -ed, -ing   “inflation”

INFLUENCE -s,-d, -ing, -ial, -ially   =   affect

INFORM -s, -ed, -ing   “Information” Curiosity -al, -ally [give notice]

—       [Information] Cf. inform

—       [Inject]   = cast into             = shoot

—       [injure]   cf hurt

++             Ink -s, -ed, -ing

—       [Innocent]       faultless, blameless

—       [insane]     =   out of mind, mindless

++       insect -s,   winged, biting,

INSPECT -s, -ed, -ing, -or       “inspection”   = look into

—     [Instead]   = in place of

++       Institution   -s, -al

INSTRUMENT -s, -al, ally music – banjo, flute, horn, piano, violin

INSULT   -s, -ed, -ing, -ingly       = offensive

INSURANCE -s       Security

++   Intellect -s, -ual,-ly   “Intelligence” -er, – test   = bright

—   [Intelligence] cf Intellect

—   [Intense]         very strong, violent

INTEREST -s, -ed, -ing, take i. Curiosity, lack i. Indifference

—     [Interfere]     mix into


—             [Into]   in + to

INVADE -s, -ed, -er, -ing “invasion”

INVENT -s, -ed, -er, -ing “invention” Imagination, Fiction = make believe

INVEST -s,   -ed, -ing, -or, “investment”

INVESTIGATE -s, -d, -or, -ing               “Investigation”   “FBI”

INVITE    -s, -d, -ing “invitation”

INVOLVE     -s, -ed, -ing   “involvement”

IRON   -s, -ed, -ing   iron nerves [unnervousness]; will

++     Irritate -s, -ed, -ing “irritation”

ISLAND -s, -er, [seclusion]

ISSUE     -s, -d, -ing

IT     its

—           [its]

JACKET   -s, -ed, -ing,   over,

JAIL   -s, -ed, -ing, -er [confinement]

JEWEL -s, -ed

Job   -s, -ber    = work

JOIN   -s, -ed, -ing Junction, = Band -ed, -ing {together}

JOINT -s, -ly   correlation, mutual

JOKE   -s, -d, -r, -ing

++         Joy -s, -ful, -less give Rejoicing

JUDGE -s, -d, -ing Judgment [fore-J], false or poor Misjudgment

JUMP Leap -s, -er, -ed, -ing {at [eagerness] for, in, off, on, out, over,                           through, to, under, up}

JURY -s       – duty

JUST   -ly, –ness

++       Justice, -s, lack of Injustice

KEEP Retention -s, -er,-ing lack of -in line

Conformity, cool                                       [inexcitability]

KEY   -s, -ed, -ing           = chief, principal

KICK -s, -ed, -ing Excitement   Oust = kick out, kick = chuckle

KILL -s, -er, -ed, Killing

KIND -er, -est, -ly, kindness Benevolence, lack of

KISS -es Touch -er -ed, -ing {off}

—     [Kit]     package,

++     Knee -s, -d -ing           [angle]

KNIFE -ves, -d, -ing

++     Knock -s, -ed, -er, -ing     {on, out, over} [bang]

++     Knot -s, –ty -ed, -ing;    Distortion

KNOW  -s, knew, known, -ing, -er

KNOWLEDGE   lack of-

LABOR     -s, -er, -ing, union


LACK -s, -ed, -ing [incompleteness];

Absence, of hearing Deafness


LAKE -s Water

LAND   -s, -ed, -ing, -less


LARGE -er, -est, -ly, –ness; l. heart [generosity] l.number Multitude

LAST   -ed, -ing, -ingness Durability

LATE   -r, -st, Lateness

LAUGH   -s, -ed, -ing, -able {at Ridicule, off, over, with} -ing stock

LAW   -s, -ed, -ing, -ful, -fulness -less, lessness , -making body

[legislature, congress] person [lawyer], Lawsuit

++     Lay -s, Layer laid, lain, -ing, {away, in, off, out, with} -over

-man, -woman, -person Laity

LEAD -s, -er, -ing, led [preceding] {in, off, on, out, over, through, to}

++     Leaf -ves, -ved, -ving [sheet] {out, through}

LEAK   -s, -ed, -ing

++     Lean -s, -ed, -ing [obliquity], Tendency -er, -est = muscle

LEARN -s, -er [student], -ed person Intellect, Learning

LEAVE -s, left, -ing Departure, [abandonment]

{back, in, off, on, out = omit Exclusion, through, with}

LEFT   -handed, side         -over Remainder, surplus

LEG -s, -ging, -ed                             -room

LEGAL -ly, –ness Legality authority [jurisdiction] lack of-


LEND   -s, lent, -ing, -er

LESS   Deduction

++     Let -s, -ting, {out Ejection go Discontinuity, Relinquishment} rent

LETTER -s, -ed, -ing

LEVEL   -s, -er, -est, -ed, -ing = equalize, cf flat

LIBRARY   -ies

LIE   -s, liar, lied, lying,

LIFE   -ves, -er. -giving. -saving, -time

LIFT -s, -ing,-ed Elevation   elevator

LIGHT -s, -ly, -er, -est, –ness in weight Levity, -ed, -ing

– house, – year

LIKE -s, -d, -ing,-able, -ly, -lihood [probable], lack of Improbability

ness; [comparison] not l. Dislike

LIMIT -s, -ing Qualification, -ed, -less Infinite, “limitation”                                   Circumscription

LINE -s, -ing, -d, -r, -sman, {up Continuity}, of work Job

LINK   -ed, -ing,   {on. up, with}         = connection, tie

LIP -s       service [Sanctimony]

LIQUID -s Fluidity;   make liquid or melt Liquification

LIST     -s, -ed, -ing, -er

LISTEN   -s, -ed, -er, -ing

LITTLE   less, least, Littleness, Unimportance

LIVE   -s, -r, -d, -ing place Abode science [Botany]

LOAD   Hindrance, burden -s, -er, -ed, -ing

LOAN -s, -ed, -ing [lending]

LOCAL -s, -al, ally   “locality” Location

LOCK   -s, -er, -ed, -ing {out, up [confinement]}

++       Log -s, -ged, -ger, -ging       in, out

LONG   -s, -er, -est, -ed, -ing “Length”]   {for}

LOOK   -s, -er, -ed, -ing, bad-l. Ugliness -out, -ing glass

LOOSE -s, -ly, –ness [incoherence] [laxness]     – leaf

LOSE   -s, -ing, lost -footing = slip

++     Loss -es

++     Lot   [predicament] -s

LOUD -er, -est, -ly, Loudness

LOVE -s, r, -d, -ing, -ly, liness, l. making

LOW -s, -er,-est,-ly, Lowness Humility, Faintness -ing,-ed, -land,

-man, -point,

LOYAL   -ly

LUCK   y   luckiness,   -less

++       Lung   body part

MACHINE -s, -d, -ing [mechanics]


++       Magic   Sorcery -al, -ally

MAIL -s, -er, -ed, -ing Correspondence

MAIN   -ly

MAJORITY -ies   Superiority

MAKE -s, made,-ing {off, over, up Composition, up for Compensation with}

use of Borrowing

MALE -s,   –ness

MAN men, -ned, -ning -kind, -hater [misanthropy] -made = synthetic

MANUFACTURE   -s,-ed, -er, -ing

++         Manner -s Courtesy, -ly, -liness, lack of Discourtesy = way

MANY   more, most –ness numerousness -sided, -ness

MAP   -s, -per, ped, ping

MARCH -es, -ed, -ing, -er;             month

MARK   -s, -ed, -ing, -er, -able, {down [discount], off-                                [circumscription] on, out, over, up engraving}

MARKET -s, -er, -ed, -ing, -able, open –   cf. business

MARRY   -ies, -ied, -ing Marriage -ied relationship [in-law]

++     Mass -es, Rite -ing, -ed [plurality]

MATCH -es,   Contention -er, -ed, -ing, -less

—   [Material]

MATTER -s, -ed, -ing, -ial Materials

MAY   be able,     month

MAYOR   -s,-ial

MEAL -s, -time

MEAN   -s, -t,-ing Interpretation, -lessness, Means –ness

MEASURE -s,-r,-d,-ing,-able [measurement]

MEAT y -s,     Intrinsic, essence, -less

MEDIA printed     Publication electronic

MEDICINE -s Remedy -ical

MEET   -s, -ing, met, Convergence {at, in, on, over, to, up, with}

MEMBER   -s, -ed,- ship

MEMORY  -ies       Memorial

MENTAL -ly, soundness Sanity lack Insanity, picture Imagination,

MERCY  -ies, -ful, -fulness Leniency fully, less, lessness

MESSAGE -s, -d, -ing, “messenger”

METAL       -s

Method -s,           = Order, plan, way

MIDDLE -ing – ground [neutrality]

MIGHT y -s Power, Strength -ily, iness lack of Impotence

MILITARY -ies Defense

MILK y -s, -ed, -ing; milkiness

MILLION       #

MIND   -s, -ing, ful Intellect,less Unintelligence

MINE   -s,   -ing, -er, -ed, -able     -field, – camp

MINISTER -s, -ed, -ing, -ical

MINOR   -s, -ed, -ing       “minority”

MINUTE   -s, -ly       measure

MISS    -es,   -ed, -ing

MIST   –y -s, -ed, -ing

MISTAKE   Error -s, mistook, mistaken -ing

MIX   -es. -ed, -er,-ing Mixture   into = meddle, interfere

MOB     s, -bed, bing

MODEL -s, -ed, -ing, -er

MODERATE   -s, -d, -or, -ing “Moderation”


MONEY -ies, -ied, less; m- matters [finance] -making Acquisition

MONTH   -s, -ly

MOON   -s, -ing, -ed   [luminary]

MORAL     -s,                         = ethical, righteous, virtuous

MORNING -s, -light, star

MOTHER   -s, -ed, -ing, -ly, liness, -less -hood [cf father]

++       Motion -s, -ed, -ing, -less, -lessness – forward Motion Pictures

++       Motor -s, -ed, -ing   -home

MOUNTAIN   -s                     side,     -top

MOUTH   -s, -ed, -ing, -ful     – wash

MOVE   -s, -r, -d, -ing,{down Descent, in, off, on, over, through, to, up =                           advance} [motion]

MOVIE -s, Motion Picture

MUCH     comparative = more, superlative = most

—   [More]

—   [Most]

—   [Murder]         = willful killing

MUSCLE   -s, -ed, -ing           Strength

MUSIC   -ian, -ly, -maker   cf horn


—       [My]   cf. I

MYSTERY -ies Unintelligibility, [occultism]

NAIL -s, -ed, -ing

NAME   -s, -ly, -ed, -ing Nomenclature, lack of [anonymity]

NARROW -s, -er, -est, -ly, Narrowness mindedness     = thin

NATION   -s, -al,-ally   United Nations


++   Nature -s, -d, -al, -ally Intrinsic

—       [natural] cf. nature

NAVY   -ies “military service” Navigation

NEAR -er, -est, -ly, Nearness -ing Approach

NECESSARY       = need

NECK   -s, -ed, -ing   of land = peninsula

++  Need -s, -ed, -ing, -ful, -less -s [Necessity]

++   Negative -s Negation   Nullification

++   Neighbor -ing, -ly, liness -hood


NERVE   -s, Insolence, -ed, -ing, -s; nervousness

++     Nest -s,   Abode -ed, -ing


—             [Never] = not ever

NEW -ly, -er, -est Newness

NEWS   -y, -iness , -ly


NICE   -er, -est, -ly, –ness

NIGHT -s, -ly

NINE   -th       #       nineteen = nine + teen   #

++           ninety     #

—           [Ninth]     =   nine + th

NO   -s, Dissent body, one, place,

—     [nothing] [non-existence], time = no + thing

—     [nowhere]                 = no + where

NOISE   -s, Discord y -ily, noisiness

—     Nominate   “nomination”   = choose, pick

NOON       -day, -time       After-

NORMAL –         “Normalit”                       = usual

NORTH   Direction -erly   -west, -east,   bound, land, side, -ward

NOSE -s, y Curiosity -d, -ing count

NOT           also   Non- existence, payument

NOTE -s, Attention -d, -ing, -able = famous -worthy

++       Notice -ed, -ing Warning, Information



NUMBER -s, -ed, -ing Numeration thirty-two “#” and zero, cf. teen

OBEY   -s. “Obedience” [conformity] Submission, lack of Disobedience


OBJECT   -s, -or, -ed, -ing “objection”

OBSERVE  -s, -d, -r, -ing   “Observation”

OCCUPY   -ies, -ied, -ier,   Inhabitant -ing “Occupation”

OCEAN    -s

++         Odd -s,   -ly, –ness [eccentricity]


OFF   -s,   guard, -hand, -set, -spring

—         [Offensive]   attacking, insulting

OFFER -s, -er, -ed, -ing

OFFICE -s, -ial, -ially Commission -er

—           [Officer]     cf. office

—           [Official]   cf. office

OFTEN     Frequency; not

OIL  -s, -ed, -ing oily

OLD   -er, -est Oldness

ON   -going -looking, -set, -ward


ONE   -s,   –ness Unity   #

—         [Only]   one + -ly

OPEN -s, -ly, –ness, Opening -ed, -er {in, up} -ended, case,

OPERATE  -s, -d, -ing, “Operation” -al, -ally

OPINION  -s, [mental attitude] Advice

++             Opportunity timeliness

OPPOSITE -s,   “Opposition”

—       [Oppress]     “oppression”   = stamp on, keep down


ORANGE   -s       –ness Color -fruit-

ORDER -s, -ed,-ing,-ly, -liness Regularity, lack of Disorder [command]

++             Organic   -ly   Organic Matter

ORGANIZE  -s,   “Organization” Composition Class -al, -ally

++             Ornament Other -s,-side [contrariety]-wise

OTHER   -s                         -wise

—           [Our]   cf we

—           [Ours]   cf we

—           [Oust] = fire, throw out, dismiss

OUT -s, -er,-ing = picnic,-bounds,-come = product, -do, -doors, -fit, going

departure, lay [expenditure], lying, line [compendium]

put           -side of Exterior, [extraneous], -ward;

out of line Unconformity

OVER -amount [excess], cast, coat, come, do, power, Overrunning, see,

stay, statement Exaggeration, take, throw [revolution] -eating Gluttony,

OWE  -s, -d, -ing, r

OWN -s, -er [possessor],-ed,-ing [possession] -s [property] {with,

up = confess}

++     Package   -s, -d, -r, -ing

PAGE   -s, -r, -ed, -ing [summon]

PAIN -s, -ed, -ing, ful, -less withdraw from Cowardice

PAINT -s, -er , Painting {on, over, up}

PAN -s, -ned, -ning   pan out = succeed


PAPER y -s, -er, -ed,-ing [treatise]

PARADE   -s, -d, -ing

PARALLEL -s, -led, ling Horizonal

—     [Parcel]

PARENT -s, -ed,-ing, -ial, -ially

—     [Parliament]

PART -s, -ly, -ing, -ed

++     Partner -s, confederate, associate -ed, -ing

PARTY -ies, -ier, -ied, -ying   political -, Celebration

PASS -es, -ed, -ing Passage, {away transience, off = Transfer, on, out =                   faint, -over, through, under}


PAST -s,   the – passport,   -time

—     Passport     = pass + port

PASTE y -s,-d, -ing

PATH -s, -ed,   -way   closed continuous path Circuit

PATIENT  -s,-ly, patience Inexcitability, lack of   = forbearance, fortitude

PAY -s, paid, -ing, -able   not paying Nonpayment

pay for = afford     “Payment” Compensation

PEACE -s, -ful, -fully   make Pacif ication

PEN -s,   -ned, ning Writing -al

—       [Pencil] = hand writing device

PEOPLE -s, -ed, -ing common people Populace


PERFECT -s, -ed, -ing, -ly   “Perfection”

PERFORM -s,   -ed, -ing, -er   “performance”

PERIOD      = recurrence [spell]

—     [Permanent]   =   lasting

PERMIT -s, -ed, -ing; act of Permission, Exemption, lack of   = allow

PERSON -s, -al, ally     Repute

++         Philosophy   -s, -er, ical, ically

++         Photograph -s, Photography -er, -ed, -ing

PHYSICAL   physics

++       Pick -s,-ed, -ing { off, on, over, through, up, with} [choice]

PICTURE -s, -ed,-ing

PIECE   -s, -d, -ing                                 = bit

PIG     -s

++     Pile -s, -r, -d, -ing {up Exaggeration}

PILOT -s, -ed, -ing, – house, -light

PIPE   -s, -r, -d, -ing

++     Pity -ies, -ied, -ing -ful, fully, less, lessness   compassion

PLACE Location -s, -r, -d, -ing, -able {in, on, over, together}

in place Presence

PLAN -s, -ed, -ner, -ning

PLANT -s, -er, -ing, -ed


PLATE -s, -d, -ing

PLAY -s, Drama, -er [actor], -ed, -ing

PLEASE -s, -ing -d, -r “Pleasure”

—         [Plenty] =   enough, many

++         Plunge -s, -d, -r, -ing

POCKET -s, -ed, -ing     -book

POINT -s, -er,-ed [concise],-ing {at, out,

POISON -s, -er, -ing, -ed [bane], -ous [insalubrity]

++           Pole -s -ar, -d, -ing

POLICE -s, -ed, -ing,- beat, car, force, -man, power, station = enforce

POLICY   -ies, -maker

POLITICS -al   “politician”

POLLUTE -s, -d, -r, -ing “pollution

POOR     Insufficiency -ly, –ness Poverty

POPULAR     -ly

POPULATION   -s, -al

PORT   -s, -ly, -er, -al,   air-, sea-

POSITION -s, -ed, -ere, -ing state; political stand, Principle

Positive -ly Affirmation

POSSESS   -es,   -ed, -or, -ing   “Possession”

POSSIBLE -ly, “Possibility” lack of p. Impossibility

—       [Postpone]   = put off

POTATO   -es         food, root vegetable

POUR     -es, -ed, -ing, -er                in, out

POWDER   -es, -ed, -ing, -y, Powderiness

POWER     -s, -ed, -ing,-ful,-fulness, Strength -fully, -less, -lessness,

lack of p.   Impotence

++ Practice -s, -d,-itioner, -ing

PRAISE -s, -d, -r, -ing Approbation overly; – to the skies Flattery

PRAY -s, -ed, -ing, -er, -ers Request -erful, -ly,

—       [Pregnant] = with child, come to term

++   Prepare -s, -d, -r, -ing “Preparation” lack of   Unpreparedness

PRESENT -s, -ed, -ing, the present, -ly, -able “Presence”

—         [President]   see Appendix   leader, chair

PRESS -es, -ed, -ing, Influence, Compulsion

PRESSURE -s, -d, -ing

PREVENT -s, -ed, -er, -ing   “prevention”

PRICE y -s, -d, -ing   low price Cheapness

++       Pride -s, -ful, great p. Vanity, [arrogance] lack of- Humility

++   Principle -s, -d Probity

PRINT -s, -er, -ed, Printing, -able

PRISON -s, -er, -ers

PRIVATE   -s. -ly, –ness

PRIZE   -s,   -d

PROBABLE   -ly   lack of


PROCESS -es, -or, -ed, -ing “procession”

PRODUCE   -s, “Product” -r, -d, -ing, “Production”

PROFESS   -es, -ed, -or, -ing   “profession

PROFIT   -s, -ed, -ing, profitable

PROGRAM   -s, -ed, -er, -ing

PROGRESS -s, -ed, -ing, “Progression”

PROJECT -s, -ed, -ing, -or, “projection”

++     Promise   -s, -d, -ing,

++     Proper   -s, -ly

PROPERTY -ies, -ied, owning, holding, -ly

PROPOSE   -s, -d, -ing, -r “proposition”

PROTECT -s, -ed, -or, -ing “protection” safekeeping, guard, watch

—             [Protest] = Speak or act against

PROVE   -s, -d, -ing, “Proof” Evidence, lack of, prove false Confutation

PROVIDE -s, -ed, -er, -ing, “Provision”

++               Pry -ies, -ied, -ing   [intrusion] [leverage]

++               Psychology -ical, ically, -ist

PUBLIC -s, -ly, speaking [elocution], spirit

PUBLISH -es, -ed, -er, -ing,   “Publication”

PULL -s, -ed, -er, -ing {in, off, on, over, through = recover, to, up}

traction strong –

++           Pump -s, -er, -ed, -ing,   Extraction

PUNISH -es, -ed, -ing, -er   Punishment

PURCHASE -s, -d, -r, -ing cf buy

PURE     -ly “Purity”

++             Purple     –ness Color

PURPOSE s Intention, -ful, fully, fulness, less

PUSH -es Propulsion -er, -ed, -ing, –y, iness {from, in, into, off, on,

out, over, through, to, up, with}

PUT -s, -ter, ting, {in, Insertion, off [pretext], on airs [affectation], out             [dislocation], over, to, up}

QUALITY [excellence], [nobility]   “Qualification”

++     Quarter -s = lodging, -ed, -ing

QUESTION   -s, Inquiry -er, -ed, -ing, -able

QUICK     -er, -est, -ly, –ness

QUIET -ly -s,   –ness = Silence

—       [Quit]   = stop

RACE y -s,   [stream] -r, -d,-ing, ial, raciness



RADIO -s, -ed, -ing cf communication

—           [Raid]   = strike, hit

RAIL -s, -ed, -ing Ridicule       road

RAIN -s, y -ed, -ing       fall, storm

RAISE -s, -d, -ing, act of- Elevation [promotion], r- money Borrowing

RARE -er, -est, -ly = Seldom, –ness Rarity “raw”

++     Rash -es,   -ly   Rashness

RATE -s, -ing over- [overestimation], under- Underestimation

RAY   -s, -ed, -ing   [radiation]

REACH -es, -ed, -ing               in, out, over, through

REACT -s, -or, -ed, -ing “Reaction,” Resistance

READ   -s, -er, -ing, [version]

READY -ies, -ily, -iness   [preparation], lack of

REAL -ly   not – “fiction”   “realist,” -istic

—       [realistic]   cf real

REASON -s, -ed, Reasoning -falsely [sophistry] [motivation] -able, -ably


RECEIVE -s, -able, -ed, -er, Receiving, “reception,” “receipt”

—         [Recession]         economic turndown

RECOGNIZE -s, -d, -r, -ing [detection]   [acknowledgement]

RECORD -s, -er, -ed, -ing, -able


++       Recreation     -al

RED     –ness -er, -est Color

—         [Reduce]   decrease, lower

++       Reflect -s, -er, -er, -ing, “reflection”


REFUSE   -s, -er, -ed, -ing, Refusal = boycott

REGRET -s, -ed, -ing, penance   sorry, with sadness

++ Regular -ly “Regularity,” Oscillation,   Symmetry, lack of


—     [Reject]     throw out Rejection

RELATION -s, -al lack of      kinship

—         [Release]                    = free, let out

RELIGION -s [teaching] lack of Irreligion

REMAIN -s, -ed, -ing, “Remainder”

REMEMBER -s Memory -ed, -ing

REMOVE   -s, -er, -ed, -ing, -al Extraction   DeductionDisplacement

REPAIR -s, -ed,-in, -er     = Restitution, Return, Atonement

REPEAT -s, -ed, -ing, -er “Repetition”

REPORT -s,   -er, -ed, -ing   Publication

REPRESENT   -s,-ed, -ing   “Representation”

REQUEST   -s, -er, -ed, -ing   Command petition

REQUIRE   -s, -d, -ing “requirement”       = demand, exact

RESCUE   -s, -d, -er, -ing

RESEARCH -es, -ed, -er, -ing   -able

RESIGN   -s, -ed, -ing, -er   “Resignation”

RESIST   -s, -ed, -ing, -er “Resistance”                 = oppose

RESOLVE   -s, -ed, -ing           “Resolution

RESOURCE -s, Means   -ing, -ful, -fully

RESPECT -ed, -ing, -er, -ful, -fulness, -ly, lack of Disrespect

++     Response -s, -sible, -ly Answer   Sensibility

—       “Responsible

REST -s, Repose -ed,-ing,-ful,-fulness, -less, lessness {in, on, over} stop,                       restroom

Restrain -s, -ed, -ing “Restraint”   hold back

RESULT -s, -er, -ing       “product”             = outcome

RETIRE   -s, -d, -ing Modesty

++     Retreat -s, -ed, -ing Recession house, place

RETURN -s, Reversion -ed, -ing, return like for like Retaliation

++       Reveal -s, -ed, -er, -ing “revelation” Disclosure Appearance

++       Review -s, -ed, -er, -ing

REVOLT  -s, -ed, -ing           “Revolution”

REWARD   -s, -ed, -ing, -able Repute

RICE             Food, grain

RICH -es [wealth]; –ness [productiveness]

RIDE   -s, -r, rode, ridden -ing Travel

RIGHT -s, -ly, Rightness, Probity, -ful, fully, -ed, -ing, -of-way

++       Ring -s, Resonance   -er, -ing, -ed

—       [Riot]             mob + situation

RISE -s, -r, -ing, rose, risen, “resurrection” {up Ascent, with}

RISK -s,   -ed, -ing   -taker

RIVER -s,   bank, -side

ROAD   -s, -less

—           [Rob]   = steal from

ROCK y -s, -er, -ed, -ing, -filled {by and forth}


ROLL y -s, -er, -ing, -ed [rotation] {off, out, over, up}

ROOF   -s, -er, -ing, -ed

ROOM   -s, -er, -ing, -ed -like

ROOT -s Ancestry, -er, -ing -ed, -edness Stability,-less, -lessness

= Cheer

ROPE   -s, -ed, -ing

ROUGH -s, -er, -est, -ly, Roughness

ROUND -s, -er, -est, -ly,-ness -ed Rotundity -ing, -ed -table [council]

{about Circuity],off, out, up}

++       Rub -s, y  -bed, bing Friction


RUIN   -s, -ed, -er, -ing

RULE    -s, -r, -ed -ing,

RUN ny -s, -ner, ran, -ning {by, down [disparagement] on, off, over, up}

SABOTAGE -s, -ed, -ing

SACRIFICE -s, -d, -ing, -ial, -ially

SAD -ly, –ness   Dejection

SAFE -ly -s, –ness Safety -keeping Preservation

SAIL -s, -or [mariner], -ed, -ing, ship {from, off, out, over, to, under}

SALT   y -s, -ed, -ing

SAME   Uniformity –ness Identity, [tedium], time Synchronism

SAND   -s, -ed, -ing


—           [Satisfy]                 = Content, fulfill

SAVE -s, -ior, -d, -ing

SAY -s, -er, said, -ing Maxim

SCALE y -s, Size -d, -ing   Degree

SCHOOL -s,   -ed, -ing, day, time


++       Scratch -es, y [itchy][blemish] -ed, -ing

++       Screen -s, -ed, -ing [shade]

++       Screw Distortion   -er, -ed, -ing = twist

SEA -s,   -men

—       [Search]   = hunt for

SEASON -s,   -al, -ally, -ed, -ing       = spice

SEAT   -s, -ed, -ing, Abode

SECOND -s, -ed, -ing, -ly   -thought [sequel]

SECRET -s, -ly, –ness [secrecy] keep s- Concealment

SECURITY -ies, Safety, Stability

SEE   -s, -r holy s. prophet, saw, seen, -ing; able to s. Vision;

Visibility not able to s. Invisibility

++         Seed -s, -ed, -er, -ing   Posterity     = sow, sperm

SEEK    -s, -er,   sought   = hunt, search

SEEM   -s, -ed, -ing Appearance

SEIZE -s, -ed, -ing   usurp Command

—         [Seldom]   = rarely

SELF -ves, -centered Selfishness, Parsimony, -lessness Unselfishness

-denial [temperance] lack of Intemperance -love, -serve, lack of                     -worship [vanity] control, same

SELL -s, -er, sold, -ing “Sale”

—       [Senate]   [shifted to American government]

SEND -s, [dispatch] -s, -er, sent, -ing

SENSE -s, -ed, -or, -ing -less Insensibility, -ual [sensuality]


SENTENCE   -s, Condemnation, -ed, -ing

SEPARATE   -s, -d, -or, -ing, Extrinsic “separation” Disjuction

—             Series   = groupings, chain

SERIOUSness -ly, – condition

SERVE   -s, -r, -ing, Servant -ed   {on, out, up}

++       Service -s, -ed, -ing, man, military-, person, station, woman

-able   [job]

SET   -s,   Coherence -ter, ting, {about, against, in, off, on, out

= depart, over, up} – sail, -straight [disillusionment]

SETTLE     -s, -er, -ing       “settlement”   = colony

SEVEN   -th       #     seven + teen #

++       Seventy     #

—       [Several] = a number of

—       [Severe]       =   very grave

SEX y  -es, -ed, -ual, -ually -iness

SHADE y Obscurity -s, -ed, -ing, -less, shadiness

SHAKE y, -s, -r,-ing, shook, shaken Agitation

SHALL                   also cf. should

++             Shallow -er, -est, Shallowness

SHAME -s, -d, -ing, -ful, -less, -ful, -less

SHAPE -s, -r, -ing, -d, Sharpness, -less, lessness [formlessness] {up}

SHARE   -s, r, -d, -ing

SHARP y -er, -est, ness   Pungency           = razor

SHE   her, her -self

SHELF   -s, -ed, -ing   -life

SHELL   -s, -er, -ing, -ed     -fish

SHELTER   -s, -ed, -er, -ing     = lodging

SHINE y -s, -er, -ing

SHIP -s, -per, -ped, -ping {by, in, off, out, over, through, to}

SHIRT   -s, -ed   under-         s. less

SHOCK -s, -er, -ed, -ing [collision]

SHOE   -s, -ded, -ding, -maker

SHOOT   -er, shot, -ing       = inject

SHORT  y -er, -est, -ly, Shortness, -coming Imperfection -hand

—     [Should]           cf. shall

SHOUT   -ing,   out, over

SHOW y Ostentation, -er,-ing, shown,{off,through Transparency, up


—       [Shrink]     contract, decrease in size

SHUT -s, -ter, -ing {away Seclusion, down [cessation]

SICK -ly, –ness [illness]

SIDE   -es,   -ing, -show, -ward

++         Sight -s, -ed, -ing, -less Blind, -seer

SIGN -s, Indication, -ed, -ing {in, off, on, over [deed], up, under}

SIGNAL -s, -led, -ing

SILENCE -s, -ed, -ing, Silent -ly, ness Taciturnity

SILK   -s,   = type of fiber

SILVER   y coin, -ware s. tongue

SIMILAR     same as   Similarity

SIMPLE   -ly, Simpleness


SING -s, Rejoice sang, sung, -ing

SINGLE -s, -ly, –ness Celibacy, Unity

SISTER -s, -ly,

SIT   -s, -ter, sat, -ting, -out, up, with = accompany


SIX   -th   number #       Six + teen #

++       Sixty     #

SIZE   -s, -d, -ing

—       [Skeleton]     = bare bone structure

SKILL -s, -ed, -ful, -fulness, -less, lessness Unskillfulness

SKIN   ny -s, -er, -ed, -ing =cheating, -less, and bones, tight

SKIRT   -s, -ed, -ing       outskirts

SKY     -ies, blue, -high, -light, -ward

SLAVE     -s, -er, -ed, -ing; -holder, master, quarters, ship Servility

SLEEP   y -s, -er, -ing, slept,   -less

SLIDE     -s, slid, -ing

SLIP     -s, -per, -ped, -ping

SLOW  -s, -ed, -ing, -er, -est, Slowness {down, up}

SMALL -er, -est, –ness Littleness Inferiority

SMASH -es, -ed, -er, -ing

SMELL y -s, -ed, -ing [pungency] bad = Odor, Malodorousness -less,

Odorlessness [-iness, sweet – [fragrance] bad

SMILE y -s, -ed, -ing, -iness

SMOKE y -s, -r, -d, -ing, -less,   -filled, -iness [opaqueness]

Tobacco     smoking material, “weed”

SMOOTH -s, -er, -est, -ly, Smoothness, Elegance {down, off, out, over}

SNAKE y -s, -iness, -like, -ed, -ing [deceiver] [coil] = Meander

SNEEZE -es, -d, -ing   [sibilation]

SNOW y  -s, -ed, -ing, -iness


SOAP y -s, -ed, -ing, -iness

++     Sober -s, -ing   –ness   -ly “sobriety”

SOCIAL -s, -ly, -able, “Sociality” [sociability] lack of

SOCIETY   -ies

SOFT   -er, -est, -ly, Softness soft drink

SOIL   -s, -ed, -ing     = make dirty

—         [Soldier] = army serviceperson

SOLID -s, -ly, –ness Density

SOLVE -s, -d, -r, -ing     “Solution”

SOME   body, how, one, place, thing, time, what, where

SON   -s

++           Song -s,   -bird, -form, -ster   [poetry]

SOON   shortly

++ Sorrow y -s, Regret, -ing Lamentation -ed, -ful lack of sorrow                            unregretfulness, condolence

SORT   -s, -ed, -er, -ing { of, out, over, through, with}

SOUL   -s,   [psychology]

SOUND -s,   -ed, -ing, -ly, –ness, mind [sanity]

++           Sour -ed, -ing, Sourness   = acid

SOUTH      Direction, -east, -west, -bound, -ward,   wind

SPACE y, -s, -r, -d, -ing, man travel Astronautics between Interval

SPEAK -s, -er, spoke, -en, act of [speech], not perfect

Stammering [diction], -ing with taste [elegance] lack of


SPECIAL -s, -ly character cf. earmark;-ness; special skill “Specialty,”

SPEECH es,   simple, easy

SPEED y -s, Velocity -er, -ed, -ing {on, up}

++             Spell Sorcery -er, -ed, -ing

SPEND     -s, -er, spent

SPIRIT -s, -ual,-ually,-filled [immateriality], good Angel

bad Demon [specter]

++           Spit -s, [secretion] -ing, spat [hiss]

SPORT   Sports y -ed, -ing, -s, -sman [banter]

++   Spot -s, –ty   Location, [variegation] -ed, -ing, -ter -less;                          -light, -market

SPREAD -s, -ing, -er {by, for, from, on, out, over

Expansion, through, to                       upon, with} Dispersion

SPRING y -s, Leap -iness Elasticity {back Recoil, in, off,out, over,


SPY   -ies, -ied, -ing

SQUARE   -s, -ly, ness, -d, -ing

++       Stage [period] [tier] Arena -s, -ed, -ing

++       Stamp -s, -ed, -ing,   {in, on, out, over, through} [nature]

STAND   -s. stood, -ing, -point, {against, for Resistance, in = substitute,

  1. in Substitution, off, on, out, over, up, upright Obliquity with}

STAR -s, –ry   -ing, -ed,   board       -filled

START   -s, Beginning [advantage] -er, -ed, -ing {in, off, up}

STARVE   -s, -ed, -ing

STATION -s, -ed, -ing, -break,- master

STATUE     -s

STAY -s, -er, -ed, -ing power [perseverance]   Remainder = remain

among, in, on, out, over, through, up, with

STEAL -s, -er thief Stealing, stole, stolen,

STEAM y -s, -er,-ed, -ing   Vapor


++     Stem -s, -med, -ming             cell [shaft]

STEP -s, -ped, -ing out of Unconformity

STICK y -s, -er, -ing, stick to Tenacity, stick together Coherence stuck up

++     Stiff -s, -er, -est, -ly, –ness [rigidity] -neck [obstinacy]

STILL    Silence –ness [quiescence]

STOMACH   -s, -ed, -ing

STONE y -s, -d, -ing, -iness

STOP -s, -per, -ped,-ping [cessation], -use Disuse, light, watch

STORE -s, -d, -r, -ing {in, up}

STORM y -s, -ed, -ing Attack; {about, off, out}

STORY    -ies, Falsehood -ied

STRAIGHT -er, -est, Straightness

STRANGE -r, -est [foreigner]; [abnormality]

++         Stream -s, -ed, -er, -ing {down-, on-, up-}

STREET    -s                                           -light

STRETCH -es, -er,-ed,-ing, -able, ableness Elasticity

STRIKE -s, -r, struck, -ing {at [attack], back, out, with}

++   String y -s, -er, -ed, -ing, – Instrument

++   Strip -s, -per, -ing, -ped Divestment {off} = bare   [vacancy]

STRONG -er, -est, -ly; “Strength” Vigor           -hold [refuge]

STRUCTURE Form -s, -er, -ing, -al, ally, -ed, -ing

—         [Struggle]     = fight

STUDY   -ies, -ied, -ing

—         [Stupid]   = very dull

++   Style   Fashion -s, -d, -ing       Lifestyle,

SUBJECT   Thought   -s, -ed, -ing   “Subjection”

SUBSTANCE   -s, -tial, -ly,     lack of – Insubstantiality

SUBSTITUTE -s, -d, -ing   “Substitution”

SUCCEED -s, -ed, -ing,   “Success” -ful, fully;   lack of


SUDDEN   -ly, –ness

SUFFER -s, -ed, -er, -ing

SUGAR     -s, -ed, -ing

SUGGEST -s, -ed, -ing, Latency, Advice   “suggestion”

++     Suit -s, -able, Agreement -ably, -ing, -ed, -er

SUMMERy -s,             -time, wear

SUNny -s, -ned, -ning   light, -shine, -spot

—       [Supervise] =   oversee

SUPPLY   -s, -ied, -ier, -ing Provision

SUPPORT -s, -er, -ing,-ed   Aid

SUPPOSE   -s, -ed, -ing   “Supposition”   Supposedly [imply]

—     [Suppress]     =   end, put down

SURE -ly, –ness Certainty, lack of -[uncertainty]

SURFACE   -s, -ed, -ing Shallowness, Texture

SURPRISE -s, Expectation lack of inexpectation], -d, -ing not s.                             [unastonishment]

—       [Surrender] =   give up

SURROUND   -s, -ed, -ing = vicinity

—       [Survive]   = continue living

SUSPECT   -s, -ed. -ing

—         [Suspend]         hang in

++           Sustain -s, -ed, -ing, -er, -able, ably [110 endure]

SWALLOW    -s, -ed, -ing   Drinking

SWEAR     -s, -ing Imprecation, swore, sworn     = curse, cuss

++     Sweep -s, -swept, -er, -ing   {out, over, up}

SWEET   -s, -er, -est, -ly, Sweetness

SWIM      -s, -ing, swam, swum

SYMPATHY   Pity   -ies,

++       Symbol -s Figurative

SYSTEM       -s, Order, Plan

TABLE   -s, -ed, -ing   -land

TAIL Rear -s, -or, -ing, -ed =follow {on, off, over, up, up with}

TAKE -s, -r,-ing, took, taken, {in [inclusion][reception],

(away Deduction)

TALK -s, -er,-ed,-ing, much Talkiveness {at, for, out Dissuasion,to, to

oneself, together, through [discussion] up, with Conversation}

TALL -er, -est, –ness [cf high]; [tall talk grandiloquence]

TARGET   -s, -ed,-ing

TASTEy -s, -r,-d,-ing, -ful, -less [insipidness] discrimination] -less,

bad t. Vulgarity, = flavor -ed, -ing, -ful, -less [savoriness]

lack of Indiscrimination

TAX -es, -er, -ed, -ing, -able

TEA   -s                 drink

TEACH -s, -er, Teaching, taught, -able; bad –

TEAM   -s, -ed, -ing                             = crew

TEAR y -s, -ing, tore, torn [sever], -ful



++       [Teen] -s, #   13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19

TELEPHONE   -s, -ed, -ing         “phone”

TELEVISION -s Communication

TELL -s, -er, told, -ing {off [reprove] with}

TEN    -th         #

TERM -s, -ed, -ing

—     [terrible]   cf. terror

—     [territory] = land area


TEST -y -s, -er, -ing [experiment]   = Temptation


THANK -ed, -ing, -s, Gratitude, lack of Ingratitude

THAT     those


THEATER   -s,   Drama

—             [their]   cf. they

—             [theirs] cf. they

—             [them]   cf. they

THEN     Sequence


THERE  -after, -by, -fore, -with

—     [These]   cf. this

THEY     their, theirs, them

THICK -er, -est, -ly, –ness

THIN   -er, -est, -ly, –ness

THING   -s

THINK -s, thought, -ing [philosophy] {out, over, up}               -tank

THIRD   -s   third part

—             [Thirteen] = three + teen   #

THIRTY                 #

THIS       these


THOUGHT   -s, -less, lessness {out, over, through, up, with}

-ful, -fully, fulness

++       Thread -s, -ed, -ing [filament] -less

THOUSAND       -s,   #

THREAT     -EN   -s, -ed, -ing

THREE         # -fold; threefoldness

++       Throat -s   body part

THROUGH     -out

THROW -s, -threw, thrown,-ing,-er {at, away = trash, back [reversion], on,                           up}

++      Thunder -s, -ed, -ing

++       Ticket -s, -er, -ed, -ing

TIE   -s, -er, -ed, -ying, {in = connected, on, over, up = congested, with}

TIGHT -er, -est,-ly,-ness Parsimony

TIME -s, -ly -r, -d, -ing, -less, -table Science of – Chronometry

—           [Tin]   = can, metal container

TIRED -ly, –ness, -ing

++       Title -s,   Nomenclature -ed, -ing

TO      Today, tonight, toward

—   [Today]   to + day

Toe   -d, -ing

TOGETHER     –ness [simultaneousness]


TONGUE  -s, -d, -ing,   language

—   [tonight]     to + night


TOOL   -s, -ing, -ed

TOOTH y   teeth, -ed, -ing

TOP   -s, -ped, -per, -ing,         – man, side,

TORTURE -s, -d, -r, -ing

TOTAL   -s, -led, -ing   “totality”

TOUCH y -s, -ed, -ing, touchiness touch two things Contact

++       Tough -s, -er, -est, -ly, –ness

—     [toward]     to + ward

++   Tower -s, -ed, -ing, cell -, radio -, tv -, watch-, water -[structure]

TOWN   -er, -ship

TRADE   -s, Barter -r, -d, -ing, -mark

TRADITION -s, -al, -ally

TRAFFIC   -ed, -ing TRAIN -er, -ed [tame], -ing Continuity

TRANSPORT -s, -ed, -er, -ing       “Transportation”

TRAVEL   -s, -ler cf tourist, -ed, -ing, office, plans

on water Navigation

—         [Treason]   denial of homeland, becoming a turncoat

TREASURE   -s, -ed, -ing

TREAT   -s, -ed, -ing, -able “treatment”

—         [Treatment]   cf. treat

TREATY   -ies

TREE    -s, -d, -ing, -less   See American

TRIAL   -s

TRIBE   -s, -al

TRICK y -s, -er [deceiver]-ed, -ing [Deception]

TRIP     -ped, ping {on, over, up}               = stumble

—       [Troop] military;     group   = band, company

TROUBLE -s, Difficulty Exertion -ed, -ing,-maker [evildoer]

TRUCK   -s, -ed, -er, -ing         -stop

TRUE -r, -est, saying Maxim “Truth” -ful, -less

TRUST y -s, -ing, -ed, -ful

TRY [endeavor], -ied, -ing, -ial

TUBE   -s, -ing             subway,

TURN -s, Rotation -ed,-ing [convolution]; downturn Recession

{back, in, off, on, -over, to, under, up} = curve Curvature

TWELVE     -th                 #

TWENTY                 #

—       [Twice] two times

++       Twist -s, Distortion   Convulation -ed, -ing

TWO                     # –ness

++       Type -s, -d, -ing,   -set, -writer

UNDER   Inferiority, go,lay, take, Undertaking,-wear, world, -writer

UNDERSTAND -s, -stood, -ing Interpretation, [misinterpretation]

++                Unit -s,   of measure Unity

UNITE -s, -d, -ing Combination, tie “Union” [concurrence] labor

UNIVERSE   -s, -al, -ally




UP -s,-on,-per,-per most,- right, –ness Probity, upset = displeasure,

irritate, up-side down, up-and-down, Vertical -ward

—             [urge]   = press

—             [urgent] = pressing

—       [Us]   cf We

USE -s, -d, -r,-ing,-ful, -ly, less, Uselessness, -lessly,

[employment];       [consumption], -lessness, loosely

Indiscrimination, -ual

—           [Usual]   Habit

++       Utility   -ies

VALLEY   Concavity -s                     -filled

VALUE -s,   Interpretation -ing, -ed, -able, ableness


VEHICLE -s,   vehicular

++         Verse -s, -d, -ing Poetry, not verse [prose]

—         [Version]      = varied account


VETO   -es, -ed, -ing

—         [Vicious]   full of faults


VICTORY -s, = Success; [triumph];   win

++         VIEW -s, -ed, -ing Visibility -er [spectator], -point [opinion]


—         [Violate]     = break rule, do wrong

VIOLENCE         “violent” motion Agitation

++   Virtue -s, -al, -ually lack of

VISIT     -s, -ed, -ing, -or

VOICE   -s, -ed, -ing [utterance]

VOTE -s, -r, -d, -ing

WAGE -s, -d, -r, -ing

WAIT -s, Expectation -er, -ed, -ing {for, on, out, up}

WALK -s, -er, -ed, -ing           way   = path

WALL -s, -ed, -ing       paper

WANT -s, -ed, -ing [shortcoming] Insufficiency

WAR   -s, -red, -ing, Warfare, -like = aggression, – machine

++       Ward -s, Defense -ing, -ed {off Repulsion}

WARM -s, -er, -est, -ly, ness, -ed, -ing

WARN -s, -ed, Warning Caution [threat]

WASH -s, -er, -ed, -ing                                         -ing machine

WASTE -s,-r, -d, -ing, ful,-ness [prodigality], Excretion

WATCH -s,-ed,-ing, -er -ful, -fully, -fulness out Caution

WATER y -s, -er, -ed, -ing     -fall, -way

WAVE y -s, -r, -d, -ing,   = swing   Oscillation

WAY   -s, -of putting, of speaking [figure of speech] Interpretation {down, out, over, up], -ward,   -laid

WE        our, ours, us

WEAK -er, -est, -ly, Weakness

WEALTH   y   -ier, iest

WEAPON   s, -ed

WEAR -s, -er,-ing, wore, worn, {at, down, in, off, out, through}

foot, head, leg, neck, outer, play, summer, swim, under, winter                       -y Weariness

WEATHER -s, -ed, -ing bound

WEEK -s, -ly, end, long,

WEIGHT y   -s,     -ed, -lifting

WELCOME -s, -d, -r, -ing [hospitality] not w. [inhospitality]

WELLness -s, -being, -done, -placed, -put, -thought, -worked

WEST     Direction,   -erly, -bound, -side, wind

WET -s, -ter, -test, -ted, -ing   –ness Moisture, -land [marsh]

WHAT     -ever, -soever,

WHEAT         grain, food, whole w.

WHEEL -y, -s, -er, -ing

WHEN     -ever

WHERE   -as, -ever, fore, in, upon

WHICH   -ever

WHILE     interim     -ed, -ing

WHITE -s, -er, -est, –ness Color

WHO    whose, whom, -ever, soever

WHOLE -ly, –ness -some, -someness [salubrity] lack of


WIDE -r, -est, -ly, –ness   “width” Breadth widespread

WIFE   -ves

WILD   -s, -ly, –ness,   -life

WILL -s, -ful, -ing, -ingness , lack of, power

WIN   Success -s,   -ner, -won, -ning     – over, with

WIND y -s, -ing, -ed -inessDiffuseness


WINDOW   -s,   -less

WINE   -s, -ed         drink

WING   -s, -ed, -ing, -less

WINTER y   -s, -ed, -ing

++       Wipe -s, -er, -ed, -ing       off, out, over

WIRE y -s, -ed, -ing, -less

WISE     -ly man, “Wisdom” Intelligence

WISH -es, -ed, -ing, -ful, list

WITH -in, -out, -draw, -hold, -stand,

—         [Withdraw] -al   with + draw

—         [without]           with + out

WOMAN y -ly   women

WONDER -s, -ful, -ing, -ed;   great wonder = awe [dread][Reverence]

—   [wonderful]     cf wonder

WOOD y -s, -ed,   -heat, heater, -land

WOOL   -s, type of fiber

WORD y -s, -less; -structure Grammar, false -iness Diffuseness

my word   Promise

WORK -s,-er [employee] -ed, -ing -place {off, out = exercise,

over, together [co-operation], up, with}

WORLD -s, = Universe -ly,-liness Wide Web = Internet, -to come Destiny

WORRY -ies, -ier, -ied, -ing, -filled

—       [worse]   cf. bad

++   Worship -s, -er, -ing   false Idolatry, House of w. Temple

WORTH y       -less,

WOUND -s, -ed, -ing

WRECK -s, -ed, -er, -ing

WRITE -s, -er, wrote, written, Writing, Sacred Writings,

written structure Grammer

WRONG -s, -ly, –ness, -ful; -fulness; w.doing –


YEAR   -s, -ly   -after-year   period

YELLOW -s, -ed, -ing, –ness Color

YES -es   Affirmation, Assent



YOU       your, -s, -self

—       [your] cf you

—       [yours] cf you

YOUNG -er, -est, -like Youth

ZERO   -es


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *